The SAT is a standardized college admission test developed by The College Board. Many college require that applying students take the SAT, or its competitor, the ACT (you can learn about the differences between the tests here).
The SAT is presently known as the SAT Reasoning Test, to distinguish it from the SAT Subject Tests, which are also written by The College Board. The Subject Tests, as their name implies, test specific subjects. This article is about the SAT Reasoning Test.
The SAT is administered seven times a year at schools throughout the U.S. The fee for the SAT is $49 (needy students can apply for fee waivers).
The SAT has three types of sections: Reading, Math, and Writing (which includes an essay). Three sections of each type count towards your score. In addition, there is an Experimental (“Variable”) Section, which doesn’t count, but is used by The College Board to test questions for future SATs. The ten sections take a total of 3 hours and 45 minutes.
Students with special needs may apply for test accommodations, such as extra time or a live reader. Students who take the exam with extra time do not take the Experimental Section.
There are 48 Passage-Based Reading (reading comprehension) questions, and 19 Sentence Completions.
Passages vary in length. Sometimes two related passages are given, and some questions will ask you to compare or contrast them.
Some examples: Questions may ask what is the main idea of a passage, or what the author’s tone is. You may be asked to define a word in context, or specify why the author included a quote.
Sentence Completions are sometimes called fill-ins. Sentences will have one or two blanks, and are asked to choose the answer that best completes each sentence.
There are 44 multiple choice questions, and 10 student-produced responses (“grid-ins,” where you must fill in your answer).
Math topics include arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and some basic statistics and probability.
Calculators are permitted (be sure yours is approved for the SAT).
There are 25 “improving sentences,” 18 “identifying sentence errors,” 6 “improving paragraphs,” and 1 essay, which comprises an entire section.
The multiple choice questions test grammar and style, except for the “improving paragraphs” questions, which also test organizing paragraphs.
Each section is scored on a scale from 200 to 800, so 2400 is the highest possible score. On each section 500 is around average.